In 2013, the Society for Prevention Research (SPR) Board of Directors convened a task force to update and extend the “SPR Standards of Evidence: Criteria for Efficacy, Effectiveness and Dissemination” published in 2004. This document represents the work of this task force, which was chaired by Professor Denise Gottfredson and is authored by Gottfredson, D. C., Cook, T. D., Gardner, F. E.M., Gorman-Smith, D., Howe, G.W., Sandler, I. N., and Zafft, K. M. (2015). Standards of Evidence for Efficacy, Effectiveness, and Scale up Research in Prevention Science: Next Generation. Prevention Science, published online 4/7/15 (DOI: 10.1007/s11121-015-0555-x).
The revised and updated standards include special attention to standards for replication studies and scaling up of effective interventions. New standards have been added for testing theory, describing interventions, measuring the quality of implementation, documenting adaptations in the field, reporting study results, and evaluating outcomes of scale-up efforts. Guidance is also provided on determining effectiveness in face of multiple outcomes/multiple studies.
The SPR Board of Directors endorses the “next generation” standards produced through this effort and anticipates that these revised standards will help to encourage research that will strengthen the impact of prevention science to improve the public health and well-being.